Parks and Gardens of historic interest in Hertfordshire which are open, or accessible, to the public


Public Parks

Cassiobury Park and Whippendell Woods – 16th century origins but mainly Victorian now - http://cassioburypark.info/

Cedars Park, Cheshunt – remains of 16th-18th century with 19th century park - http://www.cedarspark.info/

Clarence Park, St Albans – Victorian - http://www.stalbans.gov.uk/leisure-and-culture/parks-and-green-space/parks/Clarence-Park/
See also: H. Smith, 'The creation of Clarence Park in St Albans' in A. Rowe (ed.), Hertfordshire Garden History: a miscellany (2007)

Bushey Rose Garden, Bushey – Arts & Crafts - http://www.hertsmere.gov.uk/Parks--Leisure/Parks--Open-Spaces/Bushey-Rose-Garden/Bushey-Rose-Garden.aspx
See: K. Harwood, 'Some Arts and Crafts gardens in Hertfordshire' in D. Spring (ed.). Hertfordshire Garden History, Volume 2: Gardens pleasant, groves delicious (2012)

Hemel Water Gardens – 20th century

Pishiobury Park, Sawbridgeworth – 18th century

Shenley Walled Garden – Victorian - http://www.shenleypark.co.uk/

Ware Priory Park – Victorian

Also Letchworth and Welwyn Garden Cities landscaped centres
See: K. Harwood, ‘Some Arts and Crafts gardens in Hertfordshire’ in D. Spring (ed.). Hertfordshire Garden History, Volume 2: Gardens pleasant, groves delicious (2012)


Parks accessible on public footpaths

Ashridge, near Berkhamsted – medieval
See: A. Rowe, Medieval Parks of Hertfordshire (2009)

Brocket Park, near Lemsford – 16th century, landscaped in the 18th century
See: E. Gatland, ‘The landscapes designed by Richard Woods at Brocket Park and Newsells Bury’ in A. Rowe (ed.), Hertfordshire Garden History: a miscellany (2007)

King’s Walden Park – 17th century
See: report by A. Rowe for the Hertfordshire Gardens Trust in the Local Studies Library at Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies, County Hall, Hertford

Sacombe Park – 17th century

Panshanger Park, near Hertford – Regency
See: T. Way (Introduction), Humphry Repton’s Red Books of Panshanger & Tewin Water, Hertfordshire, 1799-1800 (Hertfordshire Record Society, 2011)

Tring Park – 18th century
See: A. Fletcher, ‘A reappraisal of the work of Charles Bridgeman at Tring Park’, in A. Rowe (ed.), Hertfordshire Garden History: a miscellany (2007)

Portico of a temple in Tring Park

Weston Park, near Stevenage – medieval & 19th century
See: A. Rowe, Medieval Parks of Hertfordshire (2009)

Woodhall Park, near Watton-at-Stone – 16th century and 18th-century landscape park

Youngsbury, near High Cross – 18th century landscape park improved by Capability Brown
See: H. Leiper, ‘Mr Lancelot Brown and his Hertfordshire clients’ in D. Spring (ed.). Hertfordshire Garden History, Volume 2: Gardens pleasant, groves delicious (2012)


'Lost gardens' accessible from public footpaths

Danesbury – impressive example of Pulhamite rockwork in open space belonging to Welwyn-Hatfield District Council north of Welwyn (Grid ref. TL235 170)
See report by E. Gatland for the Hertfordshire Gardens Trust in the Local Studies Library at Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies, County Hall, Hertford

Pulhamite rockwork at Danesbury

Gobions – in Gobions Wood at Brookmans Park – earthwork remains of famous 18th-century gardens designed by Charles Bridgeman
See: K. Harwood, ‘The Influence of the East India Company on Hertfordshire Gardens’ in A. Rowe (ed.), Hertfordshire Garden History: a miscellany (2007)
A. Rowe & T. Williamson, ‘New light on Gobions’, Garden History, Volume 40, No. 1, Summer 2012

Roxford – Grotto Wood south of Hertingfordbury – earthwork remains of 18th-century gardens
See: P. Bagenal, ‘A 'lost' 18th Century garden at Roxford’ in A. Rowe (ed.), Hertfordshire Garden History: a miscellany (2007)

Theobalds Park – footpath crosses what survives of a large 100m x 100m square pond forming an important feature in the former park south of James I’s Theobalds Palace in the early 17th century (Grid ref. TL347 004)
See: A. Rowe, ‘Hertfordshire’s Lost Water Gardens’ in D. Spring (ed.). Hertfordshire Garden History, Volume 2: Gardens pleasant, groves delicious (2012)


Private but open to the public on payment of entrance fee
Please see the individual websites listed below for visiting arrangements

Ashridge Management College
http://www.ashridge.org.uk/website/content.nsf/wCOR/Gardens?opendocument
A range of gardens dating from the 18th century, Regency and 19th century.

Benington Lordship
http://www.beningtonlordship.co.uk/
Victorian and 20th century gardens set within the bailey of a medieval fortification, with splendid architectural features created in artificial stone by the Pulham family of Broxbourne. See: K. Banister, ‘The work of the Pulham family in the l9th and early 20th Centuries’ in A. Rowe (ed.), Hertfordshire Garden History: a miscellany (2007).
A report on the history of the gardens for the Hertfordshire Gardens Trust by S. Bott and M. Cooper can be seen in the Local Studies Library at Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies, County Hall, Hertford

Hatfield House
http://www.hatfield-house.co.uk/
Gardens dating from the 17th century, Victorian period and 20th century; parkland dating from the late medieval period and early 17th century.
See: A. Rowe, Medieval Parks of Hertfordshire (2009)

Knebworth House
http://www.knebworthhouse.com/
Victorian and Arts & Crafts gardens
The park was created in the 17th century and contains avenues of trees planted in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. The lake has long been an important feature: an ornamental canal in the 18th century and converted into a ‘natural’-looking lake in the 19th century.
See: K. Harwood, ‘Some Arts and Crafts gardens in Hertfordshire’ in D. Spring (ed.). Hertfordshire Garden History, Volume 2: Gardens pleasant, groves delicious (2012) A. Rowe, A history of Knebworth's Parks (2005)
A report on the history of the park and gardens by S. Piebenga with additional information by A. Rowe can be seen in the Local Studies Library at Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies, County Hall, Hertford.

Letchworth First Garden City Museum
http://www.gardencitymuseum.org/
Arts & Crafts garden

Scotts Grotto, Ware
http://www.scotts-grotto.org
18th century grotto and summerhouse
See: L. Clark, ‘The influences behind the creation of John Scott's grotto at Ware’ in A. Rowe (ed.), Hertfordshire Garden History: a miscellany (2007)


National Garden Scheme
http://www.ngs.org.uk/

10 Cross Way, Letchworth - Arts & Crafts

St Paul’s Waldenbury – 18th Century
http://www.stpaulswaldenbury.co.uk/


Other occasional opening

Clinton-Baker Pinetum at Bayfordbury – now mainly Victorian

Brickendonbury – Victorian and earlier

North Mymms Park – Victorian

Place House, Ware – recreated medieval garden

Stanstead Bury – for pre-arranged groups – http://www.hha.org.uk/Property/886/Stanstead-Bury
See: Report by A. Rowe & T. Williamson in the Local Studies Library at Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies, County Hall, Hertford